There are various skin problems that we have in our lifetimes. A skin problem can be classified into various types, they can be genetic or pathogenic. But with the advent of technology, it is now possible to treat almost all the skin problems.
The skin care doctors who treat these problems are called Dermatologist. Other than skin problems, problems related to hair and nail are also addressed by dermatologists. People also visit skin clinic in London for cosmetic reasons such as to remove any skin scars or marks or for the treatment of hair loss.
The skin is the largest organ in our body and it acts as the front line of defense against any invasion of pathogens. It also guards the muscles, bones and various other organs inside our body. Skin is made up of following layers:
- Epidermis:This is the uppermost layer that provides defense against infection and waterproofing.
- Dermis: It is the layer that is right beneath the epidermis and provides a cushion to the internal organs. They contain the hair follicles, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, apocrine glands, lymphatic vessels and blood vessels.
A dermatologist is required to be registered with the GMC (General Medical Council, UK) and must have undertaken a professional training. A dermatologist who have served in National Health Service (NHS) for full time, should be a priority. In dermatology experience matters a lot, hence you must go for the one who has more experience.
There are various skin conditions that dermatologists diagnose and treat. Here is a list of such skin conditions:
- Acne Scars: It is a disease that affects internal oil glands of the skin. There can be various causes for this, but the main pathogen that is responsible is bacteria.
- Skin allergies: They are caused by allergic reactions to nuts or any food or medications by the body. They generally cause rashes to the skin which can be itchy.
- Eczema: It is swelling of skin or having an itchy rash on the skin that involves inflammation.
- Hair loss: This can be caused due to a condition called, alopecia or head lice or may be hereditary.
- Moles: Moles are formed when the skin grow in a cluster on one spot rather than spreading evenly on the body.
- Psoriasis: It is an autoimmune disorder that can speed up skin growth that results in the formation of thick red skin and silvery scales. They need immediate diagnoses and treatment.
- Rosacea: It is a condition that causes redness on the face with visible blood vessels and swollen eyelids.
- Sebaceous Cyst: They are the cysts that occur on the face, neck or torso. These can be semi-liquid filled and can be very uncomfortable.
- Skin Cancer: It is one of the most common type of cancer in which a skin cell starts to grow abnormally. If diagnosed at an early stage, it can be treated successfully.
- Tag removal: These are small, soft, balloon-like growth benign on skin. They are harmless and completely treatable.
- Verrucas and Wart: Warts are contagious and are caused because of a virus. They can spread to different locations and to other people if not treated early.
There are various treatments that are available for treatment of these conditions, these include:
- Application of Medicinal Ointment
- Oral Medications
- Ultraviolet-light Therapy
- Laser Therapy
- Cryotherapies Therapy
- Chemical Peels and Sclerotherapy
- Excision Surgery
The treatment is chosen on the basis of the type of skin problem and the seriousness of the problem. The treatment should always be done by following proper guidelines and under the supervision of trained doctor. You must consult a dermatologist if you notice anything a disorder or anything suspicious on your skin.