You can install your telephone wiring in mainly two ways- Concealed wiring and visible wiring. Now let us take a detailed look at the two types of wiring. The concealed wiring means the wiring would be do inside the walls, which is very common now days. You will always find concealed wiring in a newly constructed building or in a renovated one. Separate connections, building the main circuit and plug-ins are necessary, if you want to install the telephone wiring in the smartest manner.
What are the Requirements for these Two Types of Wiring?
The different types of wiring have different requirements. The IP PBX or the VOIP telephone system has different requirements and you need to install the telephone wiring accordingly.
Whenever you are going for concealed wiring, you should go for 3 pair wiring instead of the other options. Three pair makes it much easier to connect different services in telephone. Even if you are not using those services now, you are keeping a provision for the future, which makes your wiring extremely versatile. Moreover, you should use flush mounted wall jacks or baseboards because they would fit the standard electrical outlet box. In case of concealed wiring, you should complete the entire wiring process before the insulation as well as the drywalls of the wall is done.
Why do you need to use a Standard Outlet Box?
As mentioned before, you should always use a standard outlet box to hold the jacks and then you can attach these boxes securely to a stud, which is inside the wall.
- It should be at the same level as the light switch or the electrical outlet is. Another important thing for concealed wiring is planning.
- The route of the wiring does not suffer from any damage from construction in the future, damp in the wall, overheating issues or contact with other wires etc, if the routes and channels for wiring are done with better planning.
- Consider starting a new wiring run for every location of the jack. There is one thing that you should consider. For each run, the wire should start from the demarcation point or from a point, which is the closest to the main electric panel in the place. At least 3 feet of wire should be left hanging at the point for the connections to be done later on.
- The wires should run through the holes in the studs along with the floor joists so that each location becomes easy to reach, where you plan to install a jack. Leave at least 30 cm of wire inside the box at each jack location.
You can use either three wiring or two wiring for installing visible wiring. 2 pair wire would look better for this type of installation because it is much easier to secure and moreover it will look manageable. In this, a standard baseboard jack should used instead of the flush mounted one because they can be easily secured to any kind of baseboard. Start the wiring at that point, where you want to install a telephone jack. You should leave a minimum of 30 cm or 12 inches of extra wire at the decided location of the jack. At the demarcation point however, you should leave at least 3 feet or 1 meter of extra wire.
You need to fasten the wire to the moldings and baseboard using a fastener. It can be a staple gun. Round staples should be use to avoid any kind of damage to the wire. You should pull and straighten the wire before stapling it but you should not stretch it. You should also be careful while stapling the wire because if you staple through the wire, the whole section has to discarded.
So above information mention how to install telephone wiring by yourself, if you want to know more then go through this link for getting more ideas about telephone wiring and structured cabling.